Bamboos are arborescent monocarpic perennials belonging to the family Poaceae. They are some of the fastest growing plants in the world, owing to their unique rhizome dependant system. Bamboos have notable economic significance in various parts of South and South East Asia, as they have been used as building materials, food source, medicine and for aesthetic purposes also. Bamboos have been a popular choice among gardeners worldwide. Over exploitation and other biotic stresses have considerably reduced the Bamboo diversity in our forests, which will adversely affect the ecology and the socio economic conditions of the Bamboo dependant populations. Hence the conservation of this unique plant group becomes essential. The Bambusetum at KSCSTE – MBGIPS conserves 25 species of Bamboo falling under 6 genera.